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Macau Travel Guide

Macau Overview

Macau is one of the two Special Administrative Districts (another one is Hong Kong), locates on the west bank of the Pearl River Delta. This coastal city consists of Macau Peninsula, Taipa Island (Dangzai Island), Coloane Island and Lk Taipa Island City. Macau covers an area of 32.8 square meters with population up to 549,200, which make it one of the most densely populated cities in the world. Meanwhile, Macau is one of the World’s four Las Vegas”. Macau has developed in the past industries such as textiles, electronics and toys, while today has built up world class tourism industry with a wide choice of hotels, resorts, MICE facilities, restaurants and casinos. The economy grew rapidly and listed Macau one of the top affluent cities.

Because Macau just locates at the mouth of the Pearl River, it’s been called “Ou Mun” or “trading gate in local. It is believed that, fishermen from Fujian and farmers from Guangdong were the first known settlers in Macau. When the Portuguese reached Macau in the early 1550s, local folks also call this town “A Ma Gao” to worshiped the Goddess of Seafarers – Mazu (A-Ma). Portuguese adopted the name and its pronunciation, then it changes into the name “Macau” as the time goes by. Since 1557 the Portuguese obtained residency in Macau till 20th December, 1999, the P. R. China withdraws the sovereignty, western and eastern cultures coexistence in Macau, this traditional Chinese costal city and made it a unique historical and tourism city of the world.

Macau Facts
Macau Geography
Macau History
Macau Climate & Weather
Best Time for Macau Travel

Area: 32.8square kilometers

Population: 549,200

Administrative Division: Macau Peninsula been divided into 5 Parishes, they are South Parish (Huadima Parish), St. Anthony Parish, the Grand Parish, Dewang Parish and St. Lawrence Parish. Besides, Macau outlying islands Taipa Island and Coloane Island belong to another 2 Parishes – Jia Moule Parish and St. Francis Parish.

Language: Official languages in Macau are Mandarin and Portuguese.

Macau is located on the western bank of the Pearl River Delta, in Guangdong Province area, at latitude 22º 14' North, longitude 113º 35' East. Coastline stretches 44 kilometers. Its southern border is connected to Zhuhai Gongbei District by the Border Gate. Hong Kong is only 60km apart to the west. The Koloane Alto is listed as the highest point of the island, at the height of 172.4 meters.

The recorded history of Macau can be dated back to Neolithic. About 5000 years ago, Chinese mainland ancestors have already set their footprints in this area. The relics they left, like potteries, jades and stone objects are similar with the ones discovered in present Zhuhai area, which indicated that, they belong to the same cultural system. It is believed that, fishermen from Fujian and farmers from Guangdong were the first known settlers in Macau.

However, Macau still be a remote place to mainland people that time, it just become a temporary boarding place. It welcomed its first group of guests till the 12th century. Because of the decade of South Song Dynasty, Hundreds of thousands of the troops turned to Macau and settled down there. Gradually, Macau developed to a fisher town. Then in 1557, the Portuguese reached Macau and settled, they obtained privileges and made Macau their concession. In 1887, corrupted Qing Dynasty signed the unequal treaty and let Macau become one of the colonies of Portugal till 1999, the P. R. China withdraws the sovereignty. During the hundreds of years, oriental and western cultures and customs combined together and gave birth to a international tourism and economical metropolitan.

Macau is deeply influenced by the ocean and monsoon, therefore, Macau's climate has obviously warm and rainy, damp and hot, wet and dry seasons. Macau mainly has two seasons winter and summer; its spring and autumn are short and not obvious.

The average annual temperature of Macau is about 22.3 ℃. The coldest month appears in January which has the average temperature of 14.6 ℃, while the hottest month is July with the average temperature of 28.5 ℃. The annual average sunshine hours in Macau is about 1956.4 hours, and its annual average rainfall is about 2013 mm. Generally, the months from July to October are the typhoon seasons in Macau.

Climate Data Table for Macau

>Month >Jan >Feb >Mar >Apr >May >Jun >Jul >Aug >Sep >Oct >Nov >Dec >Year
>Average high
°C (°F)
>Average low
°C (°F)
>Rainfall mm

Clothes for travelling:
If you are going to have your Macau Tours in spring and autumn, you need to take your wind coat, jacket and thin sweaters. Summer is too hot in the daytime of Macau, you'd better put on some cool and refreshing clothes like shirt, thin long skirt, T-shirt, etc...However, you need to pay attention to the cool weather in the night. Winter is a little cold than any other seasons, you need to wear some warm clothes like thick coat and sweater, cotton wadded jacket, etc...

Avoid Peak Holidays:
It is not a good idea to travel in China during Chinese holidays when huge numbers of Chinese people are travelling around. The busiest three national holidays in China are Chinese Spring Festival (usually in late Jan or early Feb.), International Labor Day (May 01 to 03) and National Day (Oct 01-07).. Spring Festival is an especially crowded time to travel. The advantage of being in China at this time is that you will get the opportunity to experience "first hand" the significance of these celebrations in Chinese culture.

Other Tips:
1. Your umbrella and wind coat should be carried in case of unexpected typhoon days, and sun-glasses and sun-block cream are advised to protect you from high UV, especially in summer.
2. Be careful of the changeable temperature. A few chilly days could be followed by relatively hot weather. So it is better to take some early winter clothes to protect you away from the sudden low temperature.

The best time to visit Macau is the autumn season started from October to December. This period boasts most fine days without rain and typhoon. Spring in Macau (March - May) is a typical oceanic monsoon climate with mild March, Rainy April and humid May. It rains a lot, making May the wettest month of the year. Summer in Macau (June - August) is generally high temperature, humid climate with summer showers, typhoons and thunderstorms occasionally. Autumn in Macau (September - December) is the best time to travel to Macau. Bright sky and cool temperature with rare typhoon weather makes tourists have a joyful Macau tour in this period. Winter in Macau (Jan to February) is not a harsh cold season. Snow is unheard of in Macau and frost occurs only one once or twice a year.

Macau Tours & Tings to Do