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Henan Travel Guide

Henan Overview

Located in central China, Henan has the largest population in the country, with 98 million people. During China's history of 5,000 years, Henan served as a political, economic and cultural center for 3,000 years. Its one-character abbreviation is Yu, named after Yuzhou State, a Han Dynasty state (zhou) that included parts of Henan. The name Henan means "south of the River" (Huang He), and it's an important cradle of Chinese civilization.

Some people refer to Henan as a museum of Chinese history and culture. since the 21st century B.C., more than 200 kings and emperors of more than 20 kingdoms and dynasties located their capital cities here. Of the eight ancient capital cities in China, Henan has four: Luoyang for nine dynasties, Kaifeng for seven dynasties, Anyang and Zhengzhou of the Shang Dynasty.

The present Henan is inpiring. The economy is developing rapidly and people live and work peacefully and contentedly. Great achievements are being made in urban constrction and communications and also In major service industries such as accommodation, catering, hopping and entertainment. Henan, a mysterious and charming land, has already became a place for tourists both at home and abroad.

Provincial Capital: Zhengzhou

Area: Henan is China's 17th largest province with an area of 167,000 km².

Geography: Henan is situated in the heart of China's Central Plains, which boast two world Geoparks – Mt. Yuntai and Mt. Songshan, and the scenic mountain renges of Funie and Taihang. Other popular attractions are Xiaolangdi on the Yellow River, the Danjiang Reservoir and the Red Flag Canal.

Henan shares borders with six other provinces. It is bordered to the west by Shaanxi (northwest) and Hubei (southwest), and to the north by Shanxi (northwest) and Hebei (northeast). To the east lie Shandong (northeast) and Anhui (southeast), whose borders meet at a narrow strip of land which separates Henan from Jiangsu to the east.

The Yellow River passes through northern Henan. It enters from the northwest, via the Sanmenxia Reservoir. After it passes Luoyang, the Yellow River is raised via natural sedimentation and artificial construction onto a levee, higher than the surrounding land. From here onwards, the Yellow River divides the Hai He watershed to the north and the Huai He watershed to the south.

Population: With an estimated population of 93,600,000 residents in 2007, Henan is the second most populous province of China after Guangdong, which recently surpassed Henan due to an influx of immigrant workers from other provinces.

Administrative Division: Henan is divided into seventeen prefecture-level divisions – all prefecture-level cities – and one directly administered county-level city.

The seventeen prefecture-level divisions and one directly administered county-level city of Henan are subdivided into 159 county-level divisions (50 districts, twenty-one county-level cities, and 88 counties; Jiyuan is counted as a county-level city here). Those are in turn divided into 2440 township-level divisions (866 towns, 1234 townships, twelve ethnic townships, and 328 subdistricts.

Henan Climate & Weather

Tips for Beijing Weather

Best season to visit Beijing:
The best time to travel in Henan is in spring and autumn, especially the April to May, September to November. The Spring is dry with much sand. The average temperature in this season is about 15℃. Summer is hot and has plenty rain. 50% of the annual precipitation concentrates upon the summer; there are often heavy rains. July is the hottest season; the monthly average temperature is about 24 ℃ - 29 ℃. The Autumn is sunny with plenty of sunlight. The average temperature of this season is about 18 ℃. Winter is cold with less snow and rain. The month January is the coldest; the monthly average temperature is about - 3 ℃ - 3 ℃.

Clothes for travelling:
The weather in spring is changeable, tourists should bring enough clothes and take rain gear, in order to avoid catching cold. Summer has strong sunshine, you can wear short sleeve shorts, and sunscreen products are essential. In addition, if you are going to drift, you had better wear a long dress trousers to protect your skin from sunburning. Although autumn is always sunny days, if you go out, you should consider wind weather problems. Winter is a little cold, you should put on a thick coat and heavy sweater.

Avoid Peak Holidays:
It is not a good idea to travel in China during Chinese holidays when huge numbers of Chinese people are travelling around. The busiest three national holidays in China are Chinese Spring Festival (usually in late Jan or early Feb.), International Labor Day (May 01 to 03) and National Day (Oct 01-07). Spring Festival is an especially crowded time to travel. The advantage of being in China at this time is that you will get the opportunity to experience "first hand" the significance of these celebrations in Chinese culture.

Other Tips:
•The temperature changes fast in the morning and night, you should pay attention to timely add clothes.

•If you are going to mountain climbing, please prepare a pair of comfortable shoes; for ladies, please avoid wearing high-heeled shoes and skirt. In addition, please prepare enough water.

•If you are going to Mt. Yuntaishan and Mt. Songshan, you should pay attention to supplement enough oxygen; please don't smoke inside the scenic area in order to avoid brushfire.

Henan Tours & Tings to Do