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Fujian Travel Guide

Fujian Overview

Fujian Province, with its capital Fuzhou, is on China's southeastern coast. It faces the island province of Taiwan across Taiwan Strait to the east. Neighboring provinces are Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, and Guangdong to the south.

Fujian is located in the shore of East China Sea, belong to the East China Area or South China Area. Fujian is well-known home town to overseas Chinese, overseas Chinese who was born in Fujian all over the world are about 10.88 million people. Among those, overseas Chinese in Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia are occupying the most. 80% Taiwan compatriots are native Fujian. Fujian is the traffic hub of East China Sea and South China Sea, is one of the nearest provinces between China and Southeast Asia, West Asia, East Africa and Oceania.

Fujian is blessed with a rich history, famous historical sites and beautiful natural landscapes. These make Fujian a unique tourist attraction.

Provincial capital: Fuzhou

Area: Fujian has the total land area of 124000 square kilometers, sea area of 136000 square kilometers.

Geography: Fujian is located in the southeast of China, its topography is high in the northwest, low in the southeast. Huanggangshan, the highest peak in Fujian, has an elevation 2158 meters, located in the northwest Wuyi Mountain. It is also the highest peak in the South-East of China.

Fujian coastal landform mainly consists of peninsula and bays. In Mingjiang Estuary, there are great coastal plains, such as Fuzhou Plain, Xinghua Plain, Quanzhou Plain and Zhangzhou Plain. In the southeastern coastal zone, there is province area of cultivated land, and this area is also the most developed regions of the economy and culture in Fujian province.

Population: a population of almost 36.9 millions (2010)

Administrative Division: Fujian is divided into nine prefecture-level divisions, all prefecture-level cities: 

# Name Hanzi Administrative Seat Population (2010)
1 Fuzhou 福州市 Gulou District 7115370
2 Xiamen 厦门市 Siming District 3531347
3 Putian 莆田市 Chengxiang District 2778508
4 Sanming 三明市 Meilie District 2503388
5 Quanzhou 泉州市 Fengze District 8128530
6 Zhangzhou 漳州市 Xiangcheng District 4809983
7 Nanping 南平市 Yanping District 2645549
8 Longyan 龙岩市 Xinluo District 2559545
9 Ningde 宁德市 Jiaocheng District 2821996

Fujian has a year-round warm and humid climate. Annual average rainfall ranges from a low of 1400 mm to a high of 2000 mm, and annual average temperature from a low of 17 C to a high of 21 C.

Under the Han Dynasty, the territory of Fujian was under the Yang province (but in essence Fujian was outside of Chinese control), under Western Jin under Yang province, an organisation maintained under Sui.

Under Tang Dynasty, Fujian formed part of Jiangnan province. Under Northern Song, Fujian province was established under that name. Under Southern Song, Fujian province was maintained.

Under Yuan, from 1278 to 1299, Fujian territory was split in Fuzhou and Quanzhou provinces, from 1299 Fujian territory was part of Jiangzhe. Under late Yuan, Fujian province was established in 1352; it was maintained under Ming, Qing, the Republic of China and the PRC.

Taiwan, which submitted to China in 1683, was annexed into Fujian province in 1689. It was separated from Fujian in 1885 when it was made a separate province.

Fujian boasts a well-developed transport network, making travel to and within the province very convenient.

•Its nine airports serve more than 140 airlines, including direct flights to Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan and Korea.

•By Rail, more than 35 train services link Fujian to several major cities in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, Hangzhou, Kunming, Chengdu, etc…

Fujian Climate & Weather

Fujian has a sub-tropical climate, warm and humid. There is distinct difference in climate between north and south, coastal and inland regions, and valleys and mountains. It has an annual temperature of 17°-21°C and an annual precipitation of 1,100-2,000 mm, both increasing from northwest to southeast. Typhoons occur frequently from July to September.

Tips for Fujian Weather

Best season to visit Fujian:
The best time to travel in Fujian is in autumn and winter, especially September to December. Spring (March to May) in Fujian generally is rainy season, while summer (June to August) in Fujian is too hot. The autumn months between September and November have the best weather and fewer tourists while winter in Fujian is not too cold.

Overall, however, Fujian can be a perfect place to go all the year round.

Clothes for travelling:
Mostly, it is sunny in summer in Fujian, and some parts of Fujian will appear extremely high temperature in July and August, so be sure to wear nice and cool clothes. In autumn, you just need to put on unlined clothes or thin sweater. Winter is not too cold, so you need to take your sweatet or outerwear.

Avoid Peak Holidays:
It is not a good idea to travel in China during Chinese holidays when huge numbers of Chinese people are travelling around. The busiest three national holidays in China are Chinese Spring Festival (usually in late Jan or early Feb.), International Labor Day (May 01 to 03) and National Day (Oct 01-07). Spring Festival is an especially crowded time to travel. The advantage of being in China at this time is that you will get the opportunity to experience "first hand" the significance of these celebrations in Chinese culture.

Other Tips:
1. In spring, an umbrella should be carried in case of rainfall.
2. In summer, sun-glasses and sun-block cream are advised to protect you from high UV.
3. Summer, especially in July and August, is the typhoon season, so please avoid going out when the typhoon comes. You had better stay in the room until the typhoon warning lifted.

Fujian Tours & Tings to Do