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Luoyang Travel Guide

Luoyang Overview

As one of ancient capital cities in China, Luoyang was a seat of power for 13 dynasties and is a saint city in respect of the historical and cultural background. Its name comes from its strategic location by the Luo River. Luoyang is famous as the ancient capital of nine dynasties. From the first dynasty in China, the Xia dynasty, Luoyang served as capital for 13 dynasties (including the Shang, Western Zhou, Eastern Han, Western Jin, Northern Wei, Sui, and Tang dynasties). It has served as a capital for more than 1500 years and, among the 7 great ancient capitals in China, it served as capital for the most people and for the longest time.

Used to be a well-known city with long history, Luoyang is nowadays an energetic and charming city. Moreover, Luoyang is a famous and excellent tourism city with 21state-level key heritage sites,and more than 640 other level key heritage sites, including over 400 thousand pieces of unearthed relics being found. The area is also famous for its peonies, the national flower of China. Peonies have been grown in this region for over a thousand years, since the Tang Dynasty. Every year, the Luoyang Peony Fair is hold in Luoyang to see the most beautiful peonies on earth.

Luoyang Facts
Luoyang Climate & Weather
Luoyang Transportation
Luoyang Festivals
Best Time for Luoyang Travel
Best Places for Luoyang Travel

Basis Information

Chinese name: 洛阳
Location: Central China
Dialing code: 0379
Zip code: 471000
Official Language: Chinese
Currency: RMB
Main attractions in Luoyang: Longmen Grottoes, White Horse Temple, Guanlin Temple, etc.

Administration Distribution

Located in the west of Henan Province, Luoyang is on the middle reaches of the Yellow River.
The prefecture-level city of Luoyang administers 6 districts, 1 county-level city and 8 more rural counties, including including Jianxi District, Xigong District, Laocheng District, Chanhe District, Luolong District, Jili District, Yanshi City, Mengjin County, Xin'an County, Luoning County, Yiyang County, Yichuan County, Song County, Luanchuan County, Ruyang County.

In Luoyang city, Luohe River flow through the city from southwest to northeast. Historical cultural sires are mostly concentrated around the railway station in the Old Town; in the north of the city is the ancient tombs reserve areas. and parts of the peony gardens are sited here as well. In south of the city is home to the famous Longmen Grottoes.

One of the six ancient capitals in China, Luoyang is situated in central China, encircled by Mangling Mountain in the north and Songshan Mountain in the south. Luoyang, in the central plain, lies in the North Temperate Zone, having a continental climate with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 14.2 degrees Celsius with sufficient rainfall, mainly concentrated in June, July and August, with an annual average of 546 mm.

Characters of the four seasons in Luoyang
* Early Spring may have a period of dust storms while the late Spring may be pleasant
* a hot and humid Summer
* Autumn enjoys sunny days with modest temperatures
* a cold Winter with a black frost period can last 217 days

Climate Data Table for Luoyang

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
6.1 8.7 14.7 21.7 27.9 31.1 32.6 31.1 26.9 21.7 14.2 8.1
-4.1 -2.0 3.5 9.7 15.0 20.5 23.3 22.2 16.5 10.2 3.8 -2.2
Rainfall (mm) 6.9 12.5 25.4 45.1 47.0 66.3 141.5 95.8 74.7 46.0 30.6 9.3
Days of rainfall 4 5 6 8 8 8 13 11 10 8 6 3

Today, Luoyang is the second largest and one of the most industrialized cities in Henan Province. Transportation to and from the city is fairly convenient. Bus and train are the most feasible options to and from most destinations.


Located about 10 kilometers north of Luoyang City, Luoyang Beijiao Airport (LYA) is one of the most important transportation facilities in the province. It was built in 1986 and now enjoys a clearance rating, which enables flights to be operated more than 350 days per year. It also offers special services for the disabled, seniors, and children.

More than 20 flights to other large cities operate out of Luoyang Airport including Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, and Urumqi. Charter flights to Hong Kong and Okayama connect the city to more international cities.

There is no public bus service between the city proper and the airport. CAAC shuttle buses serve passengers from the CAAC building to the airport but they are not frequent. Taxi is a much more convenient option. Taxis are plentiful and it's very easy to flag down one or you can call a taxi right in front of your hotel. There is usually stream of taxis stopping in front of hotels for passengers. A ride to the airport via taxi costs about CNY30.


Luoyang Railway Station is located on the northern part of Luoyang city on the corner of Jiefang Lu and Dannan Lu. From the city center, the railway station is about 3km and can be reached in less than 10 minutes by taxi from most destinations in Luoyang.
Luoyang's significant role as a major stop along the Lanzhou-Shanghai rail line makes train travel the most convenient way to reach Luoyang. Direct trains to Shanghai, Nanjing, Xi'an, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Beijingand Guangzhou are available.


Luoyang has many public buses running across the city everyday. The buses usually start as early as 5:30 in the morning and stop at 21:00. Remember to check out the specific time of the bus you will take before you begin your travel in Luoyang. Tickets for most buses range from 1RMB to 1.5 RMB.

Besides, Luoyang also several long distance bus stations which run bus from Luoyang to Xian, Zhengzhou, Fuzhou, Quanzhou and Yantai and some neighboring areas such as Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, and Sanmenxia.

China Luoyang Peony Festival

Time: annually in April, for a period of a month or so
Location: Wangcheng Park, Xiyuan Park, Peony Park, etc.
Peony is the city flower of Luoyang City. It is kind of tradition to held annually the Peony Festival. has always had organized practices. Peony in full bloom each year, will host "Peony", peony flowering time is different according to the annual Peony Festival is generally held in April.
Venue: Wangchenggongyuan, Xiyuan Park, the Peony Park

HeLuo Culture and Tourism Festival

Time: annually in September
Location: Guanlin Temple or Longmen
activities of the Culture and Tourism Festival mainly include Longmen Weibei International Calligraphy Festival, Guanlin international pilgrimage ceremony, Funiushan Red Leaves Festival, Food Festival, souvenirs Fair, autumn peony exhibition and other activities, usually held in September.

Luoyang Folk Culture Festival

Time: April
Location: Luoyang Folk Museum
as an important part of Luoyang Peony Festival, the folk culture festivals is held each year in mid-April in Luoyang Folk Museum. During the period, many folk art groups in the city put on dragon lanterns, lion dance, waist drum, Yangko, cockfighting and other folk performance.

The best time to visit Luoyang are April to May in the spring and September to November in the autumn.

During April to May when the peony fair is on in Luoyang, tourists can see peony flowers in the main scenic spots of gardens and parks. When peonies bloom in different colours, the whole garden is like a flower sea.

Another good time to visit Luoyang is during Autumn, when visitors may find great pleasure in climbing mountains in cool weather and appreciating the blooming chrysanthemums.

♦ Longmen Grottoes - it is a must visit places in Luoyang. It is a national 5A scenic spots located in the southern suburbs of the urban area. This place is home to e more than 100,000 Buddha statues of Northern Wei Dynasty, and more than 2,000 Buddha grottoes. It is regarded as a fine example of ancient religious art to the human.

♦ White Horse Temple - also known as Baima Temple, only 12km east of the city centre. It is the first officially sanctioned Buddhist temple in China and one of the oldest in the world. It was established almost 2000 years ago but rebuilt many times since.

♦ Guanlin Temple - Commemorating Guan Yu, great warrior of the Kingdom of Shu and main character from, "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms".

Other sites like Wangcheng Park, Luoyang Museum of Ancient Tombs, Longtan Grand Canyon, Xiaolangdi Scenic Zone, Du Fu's tomb, etc. are famous place to visit as well.

Luoyang Tours & Tings to Do